■■■ NY Timesの記事 ■■■
題名: Israel to Put Dead Sea Scrolls on the Internet
記者: By ETHAN BRONNER
発行日: August 27, 2008
The 2,000-year-old scrolls, found in the late 1940s in caves near the
Dead Sea east of Jerusalem, are among the most important sources of
information on Jewish and early Christian life.
They contain the earliest known
copies of every book of the Hebrew
Bible (missing only the Book of Esther), as well as descriptions of
rituals of a Jewish sect at the time of Jesus.
The texts, most of them on parchment but some on papyrus, date from
the third century BC to the first century AD.
Only a handful of the
scrolls exist in large pieces with most of what
was found separated into 15,000 fragments that make up some 900
There has been
longstanding debate on how to order the fragments as
well as the meaning of what is written on them.
After their initial discovery the scrolls were
tightly held by the
Israel Antiquities Authority.
continually ask the custodians of the scrolls for access to
them, but for most this is denied.
The keepers of the scrolls are delighted by the
intense interest but
say that each time a scroll is exposed to light, humidity and heat,
This week half a dozen
specialists embarked on an historic undertaking:
digitally photographing every one of the thousands of fragments of the
Dead Sea Scrolls with the aim of making the entire file --among the
most sought-after and examined documents on earth --available to all
on the Internet.
equipped with highly powerful cameras with resolution and
clarity many times greater than those of conventional models, and with
lights that emit neither heat nor ultraviolet rays.
The process will probably take one to two
years, and more before it
is available online.